Dr. Melamed specializes in scoliosis surgery in Los Angeles and the surrounding areas.
There are many different types of scoliosis, and each of them result in a slight curvature of the spine. When we view a healthy spinal column, it should appear vertically straight. In patients suffering from scoliosis, the spine will appear slightly bowed or curved. As a result, the patient can begin to exhibit an uneven appearance in the waist or shoulders. In very severe cases, the patient’s rib cage may even protrude on one side of the body, which can lead to breathing complications, mobility issues, and extreme back pain.
Scoliosis Surgery in Los Angeles: Different Types of Scoliosis
- Idiopathic Scoliosis: This is the most common type of scoliosis. Current medical research indicates that Idiopathic Scoliosis is an inherited deformity. However, the exact cause is still unknown.
- Neuromuscular Scoliosis: This type of spinal deformity is common in patients suffering from spina bifida, cerebral palsy, neurofibromatosis, down syndrome, and spinal muscular atrophy. Its cause is linked to abnormal nerves or muscle development.
- Degenerative Scoliosis: This is a very common form of scoliosis in older patients. Osteoporosis, chronic arthritis, past injuries and trauma are leading causes of Degenerative Scoliosis.
- Congenital Scoliosis: This type of curvature of the spine is a common birth defect that affects the development of the spinal vertebrae. Many patients with Congenital Scoliosis also suffer from other birth defects, such as cardiovascular disorders or kidney problems. Boys are more likely to be born with this form of scoliosis than girls.
Diagnosing PossibleScoliosis Surgery in Los Angeles
For most children suffering from one of the types of scoliosis, diagnosing the condition usually begins in the child’s school or at the pediatrician’s office. The child may undergo a painless examination of the hips, legs, shoulders, and ribs. If the doctor requires further verification, an X-ray is usually the next logical step.
It is usually at this state that Dr. Melamed takes over and begins to evaluate the condition more extensively to determine its severity. In cases where the curvature is less than 20-degrees, the child does not usually require surgery. Instead, a series of regular checkups and X-rays ensures that the scoliosis does not progress to a harmful level. In cases where the curvature is between 25- to 40-degrees, corrective back bracing may correct the issue. It is only in very severe curvatures of perhaps 40- to 50-degrees where scoliosis surgery many be a recommendation. For more information regarding scoliosis surgery in Los Angeles, contact the offices of Dr. Melamed today.